Long-distance, large-diameter oil or gas pipelines have always faced major constraints, most notably their reliance on transit states who can
Several trends in recent years have dramatically improved Europe’s energy outlook. Its initiatives to embrace renewables in the second half
Volatile domestic politics defined the world in 2017, an unpredictability that has left its mark on the European energy climate.
While the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) World Energy Outlook (WEO) is one of the most respected sources of insight into